California Agriculture Magazine
University of California, Agriculture and Natural Resources
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In this special issue, California Agriculture presents research articles on cannabis production, the economics of California’s cannabis industry, and the social and community impacts of cannabis.
In 2016, Proposition 64 decriminalized the possession and use of cannabis by anyone in California aged 21 or over. But the 2015 Medical Marijuana Regulation and Safety Act had begun the process of regulating cannabis in the state.
An overview of key cannabis laws and regulations in California.
Cannabis is legal in California but illegal in the United States. The plant’s ambiguous status cuts off many avenues of cannabis research — but leaves other approaches wide open.
At campuses across the UC system, cannabis researchers are grappling with questions that have accompanied legalization.
An interview with Richard Parrott, Director of the California Department of Food and Agriculture’s CalCannabis Cultivation Licensing Division.
An interview with Scott Bauer, Senior Environmental Scientist, California Department of Fish and Wildlife
An interview with Amanda Reiman, Vice President of Community Relations, Flow Kana
Peer-reviewed research and review articles
First known survey of cannabis production practices in California
Most growers in this survey produced their crop outdoors or in greenhouses, relied primarily on groundwater, used biologically based inputs for pest management and employed seasonal workers paid at fixed piece rates.
Characteristics of farms applying for cannabis cultivation permits
In Humboldt County, larger and faster-growing cannabis farms apply for permits at higher rates than do smaller or slower-growing farms.
Retail cannabis prices in California through legalization, regulation and taxation
A study investigates price patterns at California cannabis retailers during a period of major regulatory changes.
Watering the Emerald Triangle: Irrigation sources used by cannabis cultivators in Northern California
Reported subsurface water use among North Coast cannabis cultivators is widespread and may become increasingly common.
Costs of mandatory cannabis testing in California
California’s safety standards for cannabis — compared to standards in other states and to standards for food products in California — are tight.
Perceptions of cannabis among Humboldt County timberland and ranchland owners
A Humboldt County survey investigates traditional agriculturalists’ views on cannabis cultivation.
“We can’t just be a county that supports inebriants”: Voices of the noncannabis agricultural community
Interviews with noncannabis producers in Northern California revealed a variety of concerns about legal cannabis production, from access to land and crop shifts to outsider investments.
Growers say cannabis legalization excludes small growers, supports illicit markets, undermines local economies
The survey sample was small, but results suggest regulations may need to be modified to incentivize grower participation in state licensing programs.
Cannabis farmers or criminals? Enforcement-first approaches fuel disparity and hinder regulation
Siskiyou County, and many other counties, chose not to recognize cannabis cultivation as agriculture. This ethnographic study reveals the effects on parity in farmer rights and access to resources.